But the show of unity masked another potential problem, closer to home: Democrats themselves are dealing with internal divisions over how to talk about race and racism heading into next year’s elections, party leaders and operatives acknowledge.
African American voters are a critically important constituency for the Democratic Party. The huge share of African American voters in early primary states – especially South Carolina but also Alabama, Louisiana and Arkansas – means Democratic presidential candidates must connect with black communities or pack it up after New Hampshire.
Less than a year out from the Iowa caucuses, party operatives acknowledge they have work to do to energize black voters in 2020 – something they failed to do in 2016. While Trump’s attack on the four Democratic congresswomen succeeded in uniting the party, other issues pertaining to race could test that harmony.
Weeks before Hillary Clinton won the Democratic nomination in 2016, then-first lady Michelle Obama tested what became a mantra for how Democrats responded to Trump: “When they go low, we go high.” Nearly three years on, the party is still wrestling with whether to stick with that approach when Trump puts issues like race center stage.
“We need to have a serious adult conversation about race in this country,” said Isaac Wright, a Democratic strategist who ran an army of fact-checkers for the pro-Hillary Clinton group Correct the Record during the 2016 election.
“At the same time, we have to recognize that Donald Trump is probably never going to be part of that constructive conversation,” Wright said.
Democrats v. Trump
Democrats face challenges presenting a unified message to African Americans but observers stressed there is a vast difference between Trump trying to stoke racial tensions with a tweet and a party wrestling with how to address inequality, discrimination and the legacy of slavery.
“He’s dividing people based on race, ethnicity and religion,” Biden told supporters during a fundraiser in California. “He’s appealing to prejudice. His entire design is to actually divide the country in order to gain power.”
Trump triggered an uproar Sunday with a series of tweets suggesting that four progressive congresswomen known as the “Squad” should “go back” to where they came from. The Squad includes Rep. Ilhan Omar of Minnesota, Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez of New York, Rep. Ayanna Pressley of Massachusetts and Rep. Rashida Tlaib of Michigan. All four are outspoken critics of Trump and are U.S. citizens.
The president’s repeated attacks on the four Democratic congresswomen drew on a familiar playbook in which he has used incendiary rhetoric to fire up his most loyal supporters. The president doubled down on his attacks throughout the week.
“I don’t know if it’s good or bad politically, I don’t care. I don’t care about politics,” Trump said as he departed the White House on Friday. “These women have said horrible things about our country and the people of our country.”
One result of Trump’s tirade is that he has – at least for now – unified Democrats.
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Poll: Most Americans call Trump’s tweets targeting 4 congresswomen ‘un-American’
“The unintended consequences of Trump’s actions is that he has galvanized a lot of Democrats and a lot of the broader progressive movement against his vile statements about elected representatives of this country,” Wright said.
But while denouncing Trump’s rhetoric, Democrats also must have their own dialogue about race, Wright said.
Several candidates, meanwhile, including Buttigieg, Harris, Sen. Bernie Sanders and Sen. Elizabeth Warren have unveiled platforms focused on addressing racial inequality.
“Donald Trump has forced Democrats to have a really important conversation about racial inequality and racism in this country,” said Cornell Belcher, a veteran Democratic strategist and pollster who worked for President Barack Obama’s campaign. “Republicans have historically understood the power of race in politics…Progressives have had a blind spot with it.”
Belcher said some Democrats have erred by treating Trump’s outbursts at the “Squad” or his reliance on racially tinged rhetoric as a distraction.
“Democrats need to give an alternative vision for the angst and racial divisions in this country,” Belcher said. “It’s not a secondary issue.”
Bakari Sellers, a Democratic strategist and former South Carolina state lawmaker, said the party will need to find a cogent message to ensure black voters turn out to the polls in November 2020. Millions of African Americans who twice supported Obama’s election stayed home in 2016. The lack of enthusiasm among black voters – who vote overwhelmingly Democratic – cost Clinton crucial support in battleground states such as Michigan and Pennsylvania.
“There is no comparison between the rhetoric of Donald Trump and anybody on the Democratic side,” Sellers said. “However, there are voters who will see Trump versus a D and choose the couch instead. So we have to be…certain that we’re giving voters a reason to come out and vote.”
Other Democratic operatives suggested disputes over policy are unlikely to hurt the party at the polls with African Americans when Republicans are embracing a president who has been repeatedly accused of racism.
“While Democrats may be having discussions about reparations and busing, there’s no contest on the commitment all Dems have on overall civil rights, on the importance of diversity and inclusion, and a rigorous commitment to tolerance, decency, humanity and civility,” said Maria Cardona, who served as a senior adviser to Clinton’s 2008 presidential campaign.
“On these issues,” she said, “it is game over for Republicans as long as Trump is in office.”
Both Barack and Michelle Obama have largely stayed out of the fray of national politics since the election. But in what appeared to be a response to the firestorm over Trump’s attack on the squad, Michelle Obama weighed in briefly to offer what seemed to be another message of inclusion and unity.
“What truly makes our country great is its diversity,” she tweeted on Friday. “I’ve seen that beauty in so many ways over the years. Whether we are born here or seek refuge here, there’s a place for us all. We must remember it’s not my America or your America. It’s our America.”
Contributing: Sarah Elbeshbishi, Jason Lalljee and Christal Hayes
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